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 2 of 12 
Orion Telescopes
Intermediate
Coronado Personal Solar Telescope
$899.99
3 easy payments of $300.00
With payment plan
 
Accepted Payment
In Stock
  • The most affordable (and compact!) of all the Coronado hydrogen-alpha telescopes, ideal for viewing dramatic prominences rising off the edge of the solar disk
  • Capable of seeing an array of other beautiful solar phenomena, including flares, filaments, plages, and surface granulation
  • Internal etalon filter transmits only hydrogen-alpha light at 6562.8 Angstroms (), with a bandpass of <1.0 for spectacular views of our closest star
  • Weighs only 3 lbs. and includes a 1/4"-20 threaded mounting socket, so the PST can attach to even a small photo tripod
  • Includes a built-in solar viewfinder, making it quick and easy to locate and center the sun in the field of view of the 18mm CEMAX eyepiece


Learn more
Item #  52134
Mfg Model #  PST

Coronado's iconic Personal Solar Telescope (or PST for short) is an incredibly portable way to view the sun in hydrogen-alpha light, capable of sitting on top of even modest photo tripods. The Sun's got a lot going on, and the PST will show it to you. By zeroing in on the far end of the Sun's visible light spectrum — the hydrogen-alpha line — the PST reveals our closest star rolling with violent, ever-changing activity. Best of all, the PST's innovative design allows H-alpha solar viewing at an incredibly affordable price.

Designed and Manufactured in North America.

This compact 40mm f/10 refractor (400mm focal length) houses a special 30mm internal filter called an etalon, which transmits only the primary wavelength of light emitted by hydrogen at 6562.8 () in the solar chromosphere, where all the action occurs. A very narrow bandpass around that wavelength of less than 1.0 allows the viewing of surface features and activity that get washed out with wider-bandpass filters.

Solar Disk Detail Image

The Sun in hydrogen-alpha light showing some of the different features visible around the solar disk.

The 1.0 bandpass is wide enough to provide a beautifully bright image of solar prominences, lifting off the edge of the disk of the sun. This bandpass was chosen specifically for best prominence detail in combination with affordability. Surface features such as granulation, filaments and plages are also visible through this PST, and can be brought out in even greater detail via photography and performing post processing of the images. For the highest contrast of surface features visible through the eyepiece, consider the even more narrow Coronado 0.5 Angstrom PST. Best of all, if you are on a budget and want to get in on the H-alpha fun now, you can always add the external SME-40 etalon (sold separately) at a later date, which will narrow the bandpass from <1.0 down to <0.5 simply by threading it onto the front of this PST.

The telescope is just 15" long and weighs only 3 lbs., so it needs only a small telescope mount or a sturdy camera tripod for support. A "-20 mounting socket under the scope's rear housing provides the attachment point.

Incorporated into the body of the PST is a RichView tuning mechanism which allows the user to adjust the performance of the filter in order to boost contrast on solar features. Doppler shifting due to the rotation of the sun can cause a prominence to radiate at a slightly different wavelength, depending on where it is situated on the solar limb. In addition, barometric pressure and temperature at the observing location can also affect the exact wavelength being transmitted through the telescope. Simply turn the RichView tuning knob on the PST while observing through the eyepiece to find the "sweet spot" and make the contrast pop.

A built in Sol Ranger viewfinder makes locating the sun quick and easy by projecting a small image of the solar disk onto the viewing port located on the body of the PST, right next to the eyepiece. Simply center that small disk in the window, and the sun will be visible through the included 18mm CEMAX eyepiece. Focus is achieved by simply turning the small knob located on the rear of the telescope, within easy reach below the eyepiece.

The PST will show you how dynamic our nearest star really is, with some phenomena changing over several minutes time! Get a Coronado Personal Solar telescope today and get in on the action!

Coronado assures that all solar filters and solar telescopes are tested at specialized labs that are accredited to verify compliance with the ISO 12312-2 safety specifications for solar viewing.

Warranty

Limited Warranty against defects in materials or workmanship for five years from date of purchase. This warranty is provided by Meade for the benefit of the original retail purchaser only. For complete warranty details contact Meade at 800-626-3233.

Warning

Please note this product was not designed or intended by the manufacturer for use by a child 12 years of age or younger.

Product Support
Visit our product support section for instruction manuals and more
  • Best for viewing
    Solar
  • User level
    Intermediate
  • Optical design
    Refractor
  • Optical diameter
    40mm
  • Focal length
    400mm
  • Focal ratio
    f/10.0
  • Glass material
    Crown/Flint
  • Eyepieces
    Cemax 18.0mm (1.25")
  • Magnification with included eyepieces
    22x
  • Resolving power
    2.90arc*sec
  • Lowest useful magnification
    6x
  • Highest useful magnification
    80x
  • Highest theoretical magnification
    80x
  • Limiting stellar magnitude
    10.7
  • Optical quality
    Diffraction limited
  • Finder scope
    None
  • Focuser
    Internal
  • Mount type
    Optical Tube without Mount
  • Latitude range
  • Tube material
    Aluminum
  • Tripod material
    Aluminum
  • Length of optical tube
    15.0 in.
  • Weight, optical tube
    3.0 lbs.
  • Weight, mount/tripod
    3.0 lbs.
  • Weight, fully assembled
    3.0 lbs.
  • Additional included accessories
    Built in Sol Ranger viewfinder to center the sun
  • Other features
    Bandpass of <1.0 Angstrom for high contrast views, Weights only 3-lbs, and attaches to photo tripods, RichView tuning for boosting contrast
  • Warranty
    Five year
  • T-max Tuner
    No
Solar telescope

Orders received by 1pm Eastern Standard Time for in-stock items ship the same business day. Order received after noon will ship the next business day. When an item is not in-stock we will ship it as soon as it becomes available. Typically in-stock items will ship first and backordered items will follow as soon as they are available. You have the option in check out to request that your order ship complete, if you'd prefer.

A per-item shipping charge (in addition to the standard shipping and handling charge) applies to this product due to its size and weight. This charge varies based on the shipping method.

Standard Delivery: $0.00
Standard Delivery to Canada: $20.00
3 Day Delivery: $35.00
2 Day Delivery: $35.00
Next Day Delivery: $50.00

SHIPPING RESTRICTIONS APPLY FOR THIS PRODUCT

This product is available to ship Standard delivery US except for delivery to Alaska and Hawaii. Delivery is available to APO/DPO/FPO addresses. Delivery is not available to US territories/protectorates. Delivery is available to Canada.

Solar Glossary

We are happy to provide this glossary of solar-observing terminology to help you as you evaluate the best products to use for viewing our Sun.

Term

Definition

Etalon

The heart of the SolarMax telescopes. An etalon is a type of ultra narrow bandpass interference filter, consisting of two parallel and partially reflective optical elements with a very specific separation distance between those glass plates. Light entering the etalon is transmitted only when at the correct incident angle and when in resonance between the optical elements. All other wavelengths are not transmitted. This is a result of a phenomenon of light known as interference, where the wavelengths of light that resonate between the etalon elements interfere with each other constructively and pass through the etalon (reinforcing the transmitted light at that wavelength), while other wavelengths will destructively interfere and won't pass through the system. In the case of the SolarMax etalon, hydrogen-alpha (H-α) light at 6562.8 angstroms () is the central wavelength to pass through the system.

Blocking Filter (BF5, BF10, BF15, BF30)

The 2nd critical part of the SolarMax system (the first being the etalon). The Blocking Filter (BF) is not a single filter, but instead, multiple filters that make Coronado telescopes safe for viewing the Sun. The Coronado etalon passes the hydrogen-alpha (H-α) wavelength of light through the telescope to the Blocking Filter, but also allows its harmonics through as well. The Blocking Filter blocks all of the light transmitted by the etalon, except H-α. When combined with the etalon, only the very specific H-α wavelength centered at 6562.8 angstroms () is transmitted to the eyepiece, and overall image brightness is reduced. Coronado telescopes MUST be used with both an etalon and rear Blocking Filter together in order to provide a safe and enjoyable view of the sun.

There are different sizes and shapes of BF filters available, using a number designation to differentiate between models. The number designation describes the clear aperture in millimeters of the H-a cutoff filter used in the blocking filter. For example, the BF10 uses a 10mm clear aperture H-α cutoff filter, while the BF15 and BF30 use a 15mm and 30mm clear aperture filter respectively. The larger the clear aperture, the larger the unvignetted field of view provided through to the eyepiece or camera sensor. When using wide angle eyepieces, higher magnification, or a larger camera sensor, it is always recommended to use the largest BF available in your budget.

The blocking filter selected also determines whether or not a full disk image of the Sun will be visible when using the etalon and BF set together on a different telescope:

BF5: provides full disk image when used with telescopes having a focal length of 500mm or less.
BF10: provides full disk image when used with telescopes having a focal length of 1,000mm or less.
BF15: provides full disk image when used with telescopes having a focal length of 1,500mm or less.
BF30: provides full disk image when used with telescopes having a focal length of 3,000mm or less.

The BF5, BF10 and BF15 filters are built into the right-angle star diagonal located directly below the eyepiece. These diagonals accept 1.25" eyepieces and accessories only but also have a t-thread connection ideal for connecting imaging equipment.

The BF30 uses a convertible design allowing use in a straight through or 90-degree configuration. When used in the straight through configuration, a 2" receiver with removable 2" to 1.25" zero-length adapter is used. The straight through design is advantageous when using larger format camera sensors, or when using 2" accessories. When the BF30 is used in the 90-degree diagonal configuration, the BF30 attaches to the included diagonal body which accepts 1.25" eyepieces or accessories, but also has a t-thread connection available.

All Coronado Blocking Filters require use of a Coronado SolarMax etalon to make the telescope safe for solar viewing.

Bandpass

The bandpass specification of a hydrogen-alpha (H-α) solar telescope refers to the range of wavelengths around the (H-α) line that is transmitted through the telescope. The bandpass range is usually between 1 angstrom () for the PST, down to a very narrow <0.5 for a double stack system. The narrower the bandpass, the higher the contrast will be for viewing surface features such as filaments, flares and surface granulation.

Coronado PST's with a single etalon have a bandpass of < 1
Coronado SolarMax telescopes with a single etalon have a bandpass of < 0.7.

Prominences at the edge of the sun are easy to see even with a wider single etalon bandpass system (single stacked) since they stand out in profile against the black background of space and thus have higher contrast to start with. But to help pull out surface disk details even further, a narrower bandpass double stacked system is advantageous.

You can further narrow the bandpass of your primary single stack etalon filter by adding an additional etalon filter to the telescope. The term "double stacking" is used to describe this process.

Coronado PST's and SolarMax telescopes with two etalons (double stacked) have a bandpass of <0.5.

Angstroms ()

A unit of length commonly used to measure the wavelength of light. It is equal to 0.1 nanometers, or 10 billionths of a meter. The wavelength of Hydrogen-alpha light is 656.28 nanometers, or 6562.8 angstroms.

Hydrogen-alpha (H-α)

Hydrogen-alpha (H-α) light sits on the electromagnetic spectrum at 6562.8 angstroms (), near the middle of the red part of the visible spectrum of light. It is the first spectral line in the Hydrogen Balmer series and is emitted when an electron transitions from the third to second energy level in Hydrogen. It is also an exciting wavelength to view when solar viewing as the sun's chromosphere is a strong emitter at this wavelength.

This wavelength is where many of the beautiful features of the solar disk and atmosphere radiate best. Coronado filters are designed to isolate this wavelength from the rest of the light of the sun, revealing prominences spilling off the edge of the solar disk, along with surface features such as solar flares, filaments, plages, and surface granulation.

Chromosphere

The chromosphere is a layer in the sun's atmosphere, just above the photosphere (which can be considered the visible surface of the sun). While the photosphere is around 6000C on average, the temperature rises in the chromosphere to around 20,000C. The temperature of this layer causes the hydrogen gas to emit strongly in the hydrogen-alpha (H-α) portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, giving it the characteristic red glow seen through an H-α solar telescope. The activity in the chromosphere changes daily and is where many of the interesting features to view through a Coronado telescope are located, including prominences, filaments, and plages.

Sunspots

Small dark spots or blotches that appear on the disk of the sun. They appear dark because they have a cooler temperature compared with the surrounding area (though still very hot at around 4000-4500 Celsius!). They form where the magnetic fields are especially strong, and can be fun to watch slowly migrate across the surface of the sun over the course of a few weeks as the sun rotates. The number of sunspots visible at any given time is known to be variable with an approximate 11-year cycle known as the solar cycle. Solar cycle 25 began in late 2019, and is expected to reach peak (known as solar maximum) sometime around 2024 or 2025.

Active Region

A small area on the solar surface that has a strong and complex magnetic field. Sunspots are a good indicator of an active region, though not all active regions include sunspots. Active regions also can be the source of solar flares. Similar to sunspots, the number of active regions present on the sun at any given time is dependent on the solar cycle, an approximate 11-year cycle of activity, most obvious in the number of sunspots visible at any particular time.

Prominence

A solar prominence is a large and bright structure of plasma rising up from the solar surface into the outer atmosphere of the sun. They are visible around the edge of the sun, in profile against the black background of space when viewed through a solar telescope. These same structures when seen directly on the solar disk are called filaments. Prominences are the most easily visible structure seen through a hydrogen-alpha (H-α) telescope, and can be seen with all Coronado telescopes, even with wider bandpass filtering, such as the single stack <0.7 angstrom () SolarMax telescopes and the <1 PST telescope.

Prominences are composed mostly of ionized hydrogen and helium, and rise up from the surface following twisted magnetic field lines. They can form shapes including hedgerows, loops, and in more powerful cases such as an erupting prominence, a loop that breaks away, sending plasma outward away from the sun. A prominence can form and disappear over the timescale of a single day, so while you don't see "live" motion in real time, if you study the prominence over an hour or two, you can often notice changes to its shape.

Filament

The same structure as a solar prominence, but seen directly on the surface of the sun instead of hanging off the edge of the solar disk. The plasma that a filament is composed of is relatively cool compared with the surface that it rises from, making filaments appear darker than the surrounding surface. Since the contrast is lower when viewing a filament on the solar disk compared with a prominence protruding away from the edge of the disk over the black background of space, it helps to view filaments with a narrower bandpass solar telescope. While filaments can be visible with all Coronado telescopes, the narrower <0.7 angstrom (), or even better a double stacked system at <0.5 will really make these features of the solar disk stand out.

Flare

Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation, localized in a small active region of the sun in and around sunspots. The magnetic field lines around sunspots can get twisted and tangled, and suddenly untangle or reorganize, causing a massive release of electromagnetic radiation. This will heat the surrounding plasma to a much higher temperature, causing a brightening of the area in hydrogen-alpha (H-α) light, which will be visible in the Coronado telescope as a bright patch in the area of the sunspot undergoing a solar flare. Flares are a relatively rare occurrence, compared with the daily visibility of sunspots, prominence and filaments, so keep watching to hopefully catch one of these events!

Granulation

The solar "surface" that we see through a hydrogen-alpha (H-α) telescope is the sun's photosphere. Within the photosphere are convection cells of plasma that rise and fall to and from the surface, called granules. The tops of these granules are what we see as granulation on the disk of the sun. Granulation is a fairly low contrast feature of the sun, and thus a double stacked narrower bandpass filter system is recommended. A <0.5 angstrom () Coronado telescope is best for bringing out the contrast of the granulation. It can also be seen in <0.7 single stack systems, but imaging the solar disk and increasing the contrast in post processing of the photograph will provide the best "pop" for this feature when using wider bandpass filtering.

Plage

Bright regions of the solar disk, usually found surrounding sunspots. They can appear as small patches or tendrils of a lighter shade compared with the background surface. Also known as bright flocculi.

RichView Tuning

Coronado's patented RichView tuning mechanism uses a proprietary method of adjusting the primary etalon directly to achieve optimal hydrogen-alpha (H-α) performance. To see the ever-changing solar features with the highest contrast, etalons need to be fine-tuned in real-time to bring it "on-band" for H-alpha. This is done by either tilting the etalon slightly, or changing the gap size within the etalon cavity. Coronado can do both!

With RichView tuning, the air-spaced etalon gap size can be mechanically adjusted quickly to see surface details such as filaments and granulation, or again to see prominence details on the solar limb. This optimizes the exact wavelength of light that passes through the etalon and provides the largest range of adjustment, all while maintaining precise optical alignment.

Solar features often move quickly which requires further adjustments to the etalon due to Doppler shifting. Even the sun's rotation itself can affect the wavelength you observer as one side of the sun moves toward the observer and other side moves away. RichView tuning allows for adjusting the etalon to compensate for this Doppler shift.

Barometric pressure at your observing site also changes the etalon's performance which can move the H-alpha line too far for normal tip-tilt tuning. With Coronado's patented RichView tuning, the additional tuning range it provides makes using solar scopes at high altitudes still possible.

T-Max Tuning

T-Max tuning is a method of slightly tilting the etalon in order to move the etalon transmission "on-band" with hydrogen-alpha (H-α), providing the highest contrast and brightest image possible. It is also used to minimize any ghost reflections caused by internal light bouncing off various solar filters within the telescope.

Single Stack

A solar telescope with only one etalon filter is commonly referred to as being "single stacked.".

The Coronado Solarmax III single stacked telescopes have a bandpass of <0.7 Angstroms and the PST has <1 Angstrom.

These single etalon telescopes have a wider bandpass than their double stacked counterparts and are ideal for observing solar features on the limb of the sun. Edge features such as solar prominences stand out extremely well in single stacked telescopes as they are viewed against the black background of space. These telescopes can also view surface features such as granulation and filaments, although with a lower contrast than what is observed with a double stacked system.

Double Stack

Stacking two etalons in line with each other creates a double stack system, and narrows the bandpass of the entire system in order to boost contrast on surface features such as filaments, granulation, and plages. This greatly increases contrast by narrowing the bandpass to <0.5 angstroms () and gives a spectacular 3D effect showing increased surface detail. The SolarMax III filters can be double stacked by adding an additional SolarMax III Etalon with T-Max of the same aperture.

CEMAX

Coronado's line of eyepieces and Barlow designed specifically for use with hydrogen-alpha (H-α) telescopes. The CEMAX contrast enhanced series have premium coatings optimized for solar viewing and to minimize unwanted internal reflections.

Sol Ranger Solar Finder

A solar viewfinder designed by Coronado to help pointing the solar telescope at the Sun in a safe and effortless manner. The Sol Ranger projects an image of the solar disk onto the rear window of the finder, and is visible at any angle when looking at the rear port. There is no need to look through the finder, or line your eye up behind it — simply look at the rear port and center the tiny image of the sun on the screen.

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